The specialists in this department render various treatments for decayed teeth and discolored teeth. Dental decay (dental caries) is a common disease found in both children and adults. Dental caries occur due to various factors like bad oral hygiene, excessive intake of sugars, hereditary factors, improper alignment and shape of teeth etc. in initial stages it looks like a small dark spot and slowly expands into a bigger cavity with discomfort, food lodgment and pain. When the decay is extensive and involves pulp, the will be severe and may cause swelling of the affected region and sometimes may become purulent (abscess formation). A stage may come, when the doctor becomes helpless and may advise extraction.
The present trend is to save the tooth with all the advanced treatments using up to date materials. It is nice to observe that the present day educated patients are voluntarily asking for retention of the tooth with advanced treatments.
In initial stages after decay, the area is cleaned and suitable cavities are prepared and filled with various filling materials like Zinc Oxide Eugenol, Zinc phosphate, Glass ionomer, composite light cure restorative materials etc.
In advanced decayed teeth various endodontic treatments are carried out. The roots of the tooth will have disturbed nerves, arterioles, vesicles, lymphatics etc. The endodontist will carry out root canal treatment and remove all the pulp tissues in root canals. The tooth becomes non vital and symptomless. The roots are filled with gutta percha material and the cavity is filled with suitable material. Later on the tooth metallic crown are prepared and delivered to keep the tooth strong and long lasting. Thus the teeth are saved and retained. This treatment can be carried out in milk and permanent teeth.
The fractured anterior teeth and decayed teeth are restored with light care composite material which has got a matching color to improve aesthetic appearance. The discolored teeth, due to various internal and external reasons are bleached by the specialist with special bleaching dental laser equipment. This gives high satisfaction to the patient and builds up confidence.
The specialist also helps the individual in smile correction treatment and thus is treatment gets included under the branch of cosmetic dentistry which has today become one of the most important branches of specialty dentistry. A recently developed trend is incorporating a small shining, sparkling white jewellery on to the anterior teeth and is done only on patients who are particularly interested.